We have inserted a histone H1-GFP fusion gene adjacent to three loci on different chromosomes of Neurospora crassa and made mating pairs in which a wild type version of GFP is crossed to one with a mutation in the 5' end of GFP. The loci are his-3, am and his-5, chosen because recombination mechanisms appear to differ between his-3 and am, and because crossing over adjacent to his-5, like his-3, is regulated by rec-2. At his-3, the frequencies of crossing over between GFP and the centromere and of conversion of 5'GFP to GFP+ are comparable to those obtained by classical recombination assays, as is the effect of rec-2 on these frequencies, suggesting that our system does not alter the process of recombination. At each locus we have obtained sufficient data, on both gene conversion and crossing over, to be able to assess the effect of deletion of any gene involved in recombination. In addition, crosses between a GFP+ strain and one with normal sequence at all three loci have been used to measure the interval to the centromere and to show that GFP experiences gene conversion with this system. Since any gene expressed in meiosis is silenced in Neurospora if hemizygous, any of our GFP+ strains can be used as a quick screen to determine if a gene deleted by the Neurospora Genome Project is involved in crossing over or gene conversion.
- Gene conversion
- Meiotic recombination