Using algorithms to initiate needs- based interventions for people on antipsychotic medication: implementation protocol

Lydia Oakey-Neate, Geoff Schrader, Jörg Strobel, Yasmin van Kasteren, Tarun Bastiampillai, Niranjan Bidargaddi Parameshwar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)
37 Downloads (Pure)


Introduction: Non- adherence to antipsychotic medications for individuals with serious mental illness increases risk of relapse and hospitalisation. Real time monitoring of adherence would allow for early intervention. AI2 is a both a personal nudging system and a clinical decision support tool that applies machine learning on Medicare prescription and benefits data to raise alerts when patients have discontinued antipsychotic medications without supervision, or when essential routine health checks have not been performed. Methods and analysis: We outline two intervention models using AI2. In the first use- case, the personal nudging system, patients receive text messages when an alert of a missed medication or routine health check is detected by AI2. In the second use- case, as a clinical decision support tool, AI2 generated alerts are presented as flags through a dashboard to the community mental health professionals. Implementation protocols for different scenarios of AI2, along with a mixed- methods evaluation, are planned to identify pragmatic issues necessary to inform a larger randomised control trial, as well as improve the application. Ethics and dissemination: This study protocol has been approved by The Southern Adelaide Clinical Human Research Ethics Committee. The dissemination of this trial will serve to inform further implementation of the AI2 into daily personal and clinical practice.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere100084
Number of pages6
JournalBMJ Health & Care Informatics
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 12 Feb 2020


  • algorithms
  • needs-based
  • antipsychotic
  • medication
  • Implementation Protocol
  • medical informatics
  • BMJ Health Informatics
  • patient care
  • record systems
  • healthcare


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