Utilising digital health to improve medication-related quality of care for hypertensive patients: An integrative literature review

Kannikar Weckunanukul, Daya Ram Parajuli, Mohammad Hamiduzzaman

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Abstract

BACKGROUND
Hypertension or high blood pressure is considered as a significant contributor and risk factor to many serious conditions, approximately 1.13 billion people have hypertension globally. However, the integrated technologies can upscale health provisions and improve the effectiveness of the healthcare system. WHO has recommended that the digital health interventions (DHIs) and the Health System Challenges should be used in tandem in addressing health.

AIM
To summarise the outcomes from a range of research which investigated the use of DHI to improve the medication-related quality of care (MRQOC) for hypertensive patients.

METHODS
An integrative literature review was undertaken in October 2019 using the Medline, Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature, and Scopus databases for publications in English with no date limit.

RESULTS
In total, 18433 participants were included in this review from 28 studies meeting the eligibility criteria. There were 19 DHI identified within eight countries: Australia, Canada, India, South Korea, Lebanon, Pakistan, the United Kingdom, and the United States of America. The DHI were provided as community-based, clinical-based and home-based program through mobile phone, mobile health system, short message service, and telehealth, digital medicine, and online healthcare (web-based). The mean age of participants was 59 ranging from 42 to 81 years with an average mean systolic blood pressure of 143.3 mmHg at baseline, ranging from 129.0 mmHg to 159.0 mmHg. The proportion of male participants ranged from 13.9% to 92.0%. Eighteen interventions showed evidence of reduction in blood pressure and improvement of self-management in relation to medication adherence and blood pressure control. The reduction of systolic blood pressure ranged between 1.9 mmHg and 26.0 mmHg, with a mean of 10.8 mmHg. The digital health was found positively associated with the MRQOC for hypertensive patients such as improvement in medication adherence and medication management; better blood pressure control; maintaining follow-ups appointment and self-management; increasing access to healthcare particularly among patients living in rural area; and reducing adverse events. However, some interventions found no significant effect on hypertensive care. The follow up duration varied between 2 mo and 18 mo with an average attrition rate of 10.1%, ranging from 0.0% to 17.4%.

CONCLUSION
Utilising digital health innovation for hypertensive care in different settings with tailored interventions positively impacted on MRQOC leading to an improvement of patient outcomes and their quality of life. Nevertheless, inconclusive findings were found in some interventions, and inconsistent outcomes between DHI were noted. A future research and evidence-based DHI for hypertension or chronic diseases should be developed through the evidence-to-decision framework and guidelines.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2266-2279
Number of pages15
JournalWorld Journal of Clinical Cases
Volume8
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 6 Jun 2020

Bibliographical note

This article is an open-access article that was selected by an in-house editor and fully peer-reviewed by external reviewers. It is distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited and the use is non-commercial. See: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/

Keywords

  • high blood pressure
  • digital health interventions (DHIs)
  • Health System

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