Valuing indigenous quality of life: A review of preference-based quality of life instruments and elicitation techniques with global older indigenous populations

Kevin Taylor, Julie Ratcliffe, Dawn Bessarab, Kate Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

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Abstract

Indigenous perspectives of quality of life (QoL) are different to that of non-Indigenous populations. Determining how to identify and value what is important to QoL for people from diverse cultural backgrounds is crucial for assessing effective outcomes for quality assessment and health economic evaluation to guide evidence-based decision making. This is particularly important for older Indigenous people who have complex care and support needs within health and aged-care systems. This scoping review aims to assess the existing literature in this field by firstly identifying preference based instruments that have been applied with older Indigenous peoples and secondly, exploring the extent to which existing preference based instruments applied with older Indigenous peoples encompass older Indigenous peoples QoL perspectives in their design and application. The inclusion criteria for the review were studies using preference based QoL instruments with an Indigenous population where the cohort was aged 50 years or over. This resulted in the critical analysis of 12 studies. The review identified that preference based QoL instruments have rarely been applied to date with older Indigenous populations with most instruments found to be designed for non-Indigenous adults. Typically, instruments have not incorporated Indigenous worldviews of QoL into either the content of the descriptive system or the elicitation techniques and corresponding value sets generated. To encapsulate Indigenous cultural perspectives accurately in economic evaluation, further research is required as to how QoL domains in preference based instruments for Indigenous peoples can be reflective of Indigenous perspectives. It is imperative that the QoL preferences of older Indigenous peoples are adequately captured within preference based QoL instruments applied with this population.

Original languageEnglish
Article number116271
Number of pages8
JournalSocial Science and Medicine
Volume336
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2023

Keywords

  • Indigenous populations
  • Literature review
  • Older populations
  • Quality of life
  • Quality-of-life instruments

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