Objective: To test the hypothesis that vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 1 (Flt1) is negatively correlated with apoptosis in preeclampsia placentae, and to examine the effects of antihypertensive medication on apoptosis. Methods: Flt1 and TUNEL immunoreactivity were quantitatively compared in the stromal decidual cells, villous trophoblasts, and endothelial cells of placentae from uncomplicated pregnancies (NP, n = 34) to those in patients with preeclampsia (PE, n = 30), and those in patients with preeclampsia with superimposed intrauterine growth restriction (PE + IUGR, n = 7). Further analyses determined any correlations with the antepartum use of the antihypertensives clonidine and hydralazine. Results: There was no difference in either Flt1 or TUNEL when comparing PE placentae (with or without IUGR) with NP. There were no correlations with the use of the antihypertensives. Conclusion. Apoptotic levels do not correlate with Flt1 in preeclampsia placentae and are not regulated by invivo exposure to the antihypertensives clonidine and hydralazine.
- VEGF receptor 1