Purpose To determine the proportion of patients presenting with thromboembolic central retinal artery occlusion (CRAO) who had undiagnosed vascular risk factors amenable to modification.Methods A retrospective audit of consecutive patients with non-arteritic/thromboembolic CRAO presenting between 1997 and 2008 in a single tertiary teaching hospital.Results Thirty-three patients with non-arteritic CRAO were identified. Twenty-one patients (64%) had at least one new vascular risk factor found after the retinal occlusive event, with hyperlipidemia being the most common undiagnosed vascular risk factor at the time of the sentinel CRAO event (36%). Nine patients (27%) had newly diagnosed hypertension or previous diagnosis of hypertension but not optimally controlled. To better control their vascular risk factors 18 patients (54%) were given a new or altered medication. Nine patients had more than 50% of ipsilateral carotid stenosis; six of these proceeded with carotid endarterectomy or stenting. One patient had significant new echocardiogram finding. Systemic ischaemic event post CRAO occurred in two patients with stroke and acute coronary syndrome.Conclusion sPatients presenting with CRAO often have a previously undiagnosed vascular risk factor that may be amenable to medical or surgical treatment. As this population is at a high risk of secondary ischaemic events, risk factor modification is prudent.
- (MeSH):retinal artery occlusion
- Carotid artery stenosis
- Risk factors