Vasopressin and a nonpeptide antidiuretic hormone receptor antagonist (OPC-31260)

Louise M. Burrell, Paddy A. Phillips, J. M. Stephenson, J. Risvanis, Colin I. Johnston

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The development of nonpeptide orally active AVP analogues has provided a new tool with which to assess the physiological and pathophysiological role of vasopressin (AVP). We have previously characterised the nonpeptide vasopressin V1 receptor antagonist OPC-21268, and now report the in vitro characterisation of the nonpeptide V2 receptor antagonist OPC-31260 in the rat. OPC-31260 caused a concentration-dependent displacement of the selective AVP V2 receptor antagonist radioligand, [3H]desGly-NH29[d(CH2)5, D-Ile2, Ile4] AVP from V2 receptors in rat kidney medulla membranes. The concentration of OPC-31260 that displaced 50% of specific AVP binding (IC50) was 20 ± 2 nmol/l for renal V2 receptors. OPC-31260 also caused a concentration-dependent displacement of the selective AVP V1 receptor antagonist radioligand, [125I]-[d(CH2)5, sarcosine7] AVP from V1 receptors in both rat liver and kidney medulla membranes. The IC50 was 500 ± 30 nmol/ 1 for both renal and liver V1 receptors. After oral administration to rats, OPC-31260 was an effective inhibitor of AVP at renal V2 and liver V1 receptors in a time-dependent manner. In vitro binding kinetic studies showed that OPC-31260 was a competitive antagonist at both the renal V2 receptor and the hepatic V1 receptor. OPC-31260 is a nonpeptide, orally effective competitive inhibitor of AVP with a V2: V1 receptor selectivity ratio of 25:1 indicating relative V2 receptor selectivity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)137-141
Number of pages5
JournalBlood Pressure
Volume3
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1994
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • A VP
  • Hyponatraemia
  • Nonpeptide A VP antagonist
  • OPC-31260
  • Water

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