Cryptococcosis is the third most common invasive fungal infection following solid organ transplantation, and mortality is high. Most cases occur late and are due to reactivation of latent infection; however, very early reactivation and donor-derived transmission can occur. Routine screening pre-transplant and antifungal prophylaxis for cryptococcosis post-transplant in solid organ transplantation are not standard practice. We present two cases of very early-onset Cryptococcus neoformans disease following liver transplantation to highlight the need to consider individualized pre-transplant screening and be aware that reactivation of Cryptococcosis neoformans can occur in the immediate post-transplant period.
- Cryptococcus neoformans
- liver transplant