Video analysis of host-parasite interactions in nests of Darwins finches

Jody O'Connor, Graham Robertson, Sonia Kleindorfer

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    36 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Parasites place their hosts under strong selection for adaptive traits that increase parasite resistance. The initial impact of invasive parasites has rarely been observed and can be particularly strong on nave hosts with limited prior exposure to parasites. Philornis downsi is an introduced fly to the Galapagos Islands whose parasitic larvae cause high mortality in nestlings of Darwin's finches. We used a within-nest camera system and nest monitoring data to examine this new host-parasite interaction in the wild. Many P. downsi flies entered finch nests with incubated eggs or nestlings but only when parent finches were not present. Parasitic P. downsi larvae were observed to emerge from the nest base at night to feed both internally and externally on nestlings. Adult and nestling Darwins finches exhibit grooming and avoidance behaviours in the presence of P. downsi parasites. Specifically, in nests with high parasite intensity, nestlings increased self-preening behaviour, ate larvae and stood on top of one another. Female finches probed into their nestlings nares (first instar larvae reside in the nares) and probed into the nest base (second and third larvae reside in the nest base during the day). These findings shed light on the emergence of anti-parasite behaviour as well as host-parasite relationships after recent parasitism in a nave host.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)588-594
    Number of pages7
    JournalOryx
    Volume44
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2010

    Keywords

    • Darwins finches
    • Galapagos
    • host-parasite interaction
    • larvae
    • mortality
    • Philornis downsi
    • video analysis

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