Multiple system atrophy (MSA) is a rare neurodegenerative disorder affecting areas of the spinal cord, brain-stem, and cortex and is characterized by cell loss primarily affecting the autonomic and motor systems. The estimated global incidence is approximately 0.6/100,000 per annum, with a higher incidence of 3/100,000 per annum in those aged over 50 years. The mean onset age is 50 to 70 years and average life expectancy from onset of symptoms is approximately 7 years.
|Title of host publication||Laryngology|
|Subtitle of host publication||A case-based Approach|
|Editors||Jacqueline Allen, Reza Nouraei, Guri Sandhu|
|Place of Publication||USA|
|Publisher||Plural Publishing Inc|
|Number of pages||10|
|Publication status||Published - 2020|