Voice and Swallowing Difficulties in Parkinsonian-type Multiple System Atrophy

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


Multiple system atrophy (MSA) is a rare neurodegenerative disorder affecting areas of the spinal cord, brain-stem, and cortex and is characterized by cell loss primarily affecting the autonomic and motor systems. The estimated global incidence is approximately 0.6/100,000 per annum, with a higher incidence of 3/100,000 per annum in those aged over 50 years. The mean onset age is 50 to 70 years and average life expectancy from onset of symptoms is approximately 7 years.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationLaryngology
Subtitle of host publicationA case-based Approach
EditorsJacqueline Allen, Reza Nouraei, Guri Sandhu
Place of PublicationUSA
PublisherPlural Publishing Inc
Number of pages10
ISBN (Print)9781944883591
Publication statusPublished - 2020


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