Vortex fluidic mediated synthesis of polysulfone

Aghil Igder, Scott Pye, Ahmed Hussein Mohammed Al-Antaki, Alireza Keshavarz, Colin L. Raston, Ata Nosrati

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Polysulfone (PSF) was prepared under high shear in a vortex fluidic device (VFD) operating in confined mode, and its properties compared with that prepared using batch processing. This involved reacting the pre-prepared disodium salt of bisphenol A (BPA) with a 4,4′-dihalodiphenylsulfone under anhydrous conditions. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) established that in the thin film microfluidic platform, the PSF particles are sheet-like, for short reaction times, and fibrous for long reaction times, in contrast to spherical like particles for the polymer prepared using the conventional batch synthesis. The operating parameters of the VFD (rotational speed of the glass tube, its tilt angle and temperature) were systematically varied for establishing their effect on the molecular weight (Mw), glass transition temperature (Tg) and decomposition temperature, featuring gel permeation chromatography (GPC), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA) respectively. The optimal VFD prepared PSF was obtained at 6000 rpm rotational speed, 45° tilt angle and 160 °C, for 1 h of processing with Mw ∼10,000 g mol-1, Tg ∼158 °C and decomposition temperature ∼530 °C, which is comparable to the conventionally prepared PSF.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)14761-14767
Number of pages7
JournalRSC Advances
Volume10
Issue number25
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 14 Apr 2020

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