Voting Viva Voce: Unlocking the Social Logic of Past Politics

Research output: Other contribution


Two mid-nineteenth century cities -- Alexandria, Virginia and Newport, Kentucky -- shared a common voting arrangement: both states required all votes in all elections to be cast in public by voice (viva voce). The poll books provided an official written record of every voter's spoken declaration. Professor Don DeBats presents and analyses this data.
Original languageEnglish
Media of outputWebsite
PublisherThe Institute for Advanced Technology in the Humanities
Publication statusPublished - 2020


  • Voting patterns
  • Alexandria, Virginia
  • Newport, Kentucky
  • Public voting


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