WEB-PORTAL "COUNTRY OF CITIES" - COMPREHENSIVE STUDY OF THE VOLGA BULGARIAN FORTIFIED SETTLEMENTS

Bulat Usmanov, Iskander Gainullin, Artur Gafurov, Maxim Ivanov, Peter Khomyakov, Airat Gubaidullin, Ionut Cristi Nicu

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Abstract

The article presents the results of research aimed at collecting and systematizing information about the settlements of the Volga Bulgaria period (10th-early 13th centuries). For the first time in Russia, field studies of 88 medieval settlements of different size were carried out using UAVs and GNSS equipment. The collected information was compiled into a geoinformation database with 36 qualitative and quantitative parameters for 95 objects (medieval settlements). Based on the obtained data, for the first time for the study area, "Country of Cities" web resource was created, which allows access to analytical and generalizing information about each studied fortified settlement of the Volga Bulgaria period. The combination of the descriptive component and the cartographic module makes it possible to assess not only the regularities of the hillfort's placement in the studied territory, but also to study individual archaeological objects in detail by interactive textured three-dimensional models. The analysis made it possible to specify the location and boundaries of the fortified settlements, to assess the current state and the risks of destruction under the influence of natural and anthropogenic factors.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1143-1158
Number of pages16
JournalInternational Journal of Conservation Science
Volume13
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 15 Dec 2022

Keywords

  • Archaeological heritage
  • Fortifications
  • Natural hazards
  • Anthropogenic impact
  • GIS
  • Geoportal

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