What Is the Optimal Time on a Low-Calorie Diet Prior to Laparoscopic Anti-reflux Surgery? A Prospective Case-Controlled Study

Jessie Childs, Louise A. Mudge, Adrian Esterman, Sarah K. Thompson

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Abstract

Introduction: A very low-calorie diet (VLCD) or low-calorie diet (LCD) is often used prior to laparoscopic surgery to optimize access to the hiatus. Much debate exists in the literature regarding the required duration for a VLCD or LCD, and how to evaluate the presence of a fatty liver. The aim of our study was to determine the optimal amount of time on an LCD to achieve maximal liver volume reduction, and to assess the accuracy of the InBody 230® vs. bedside ultrasonography vs. magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the measurement of liver volume. 

Methods: Seventeen consecutive patients undergoing laparoscopic anti-reflux surgery were recruited into the study. Each patient underwent body composition analysis with the InBody® 230, liver ultrasound, and liver MRI. Patients then began an LCD with a weekly ultrasound assessment until the day before surgery when they underwent repeat body composition analysis, liver ultrasound, and MRI. 

Results: The mean age was 54 years (range 21, 74). Maximal liver volume loss was noted within 3 weeks for 88% of participants, with 47% achieving their maximal liver volume reduction after the first week of an LCD. The mean reduction in liver volume was 16%, 18.6%, and 19% for MRI, ultrasound, and body composition analysis, respectively. 

Conclusion: Close to 90% of patients require 3 weeks or less on an LCD to achieve maximal liver volume loss prior to laparoscopic anti-reflux surgery. Body composition analysis and bedside ultrasonography were both as accurate as the gold standard MRI in the assessment of liver volume.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2249-2254
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
Volume26
Issue number11
Early online date25 Aug 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2022

Keywords

  • Bedside ultrasonography
  • Body composition analysis
  • Laparoscopic anti-reflux surgery
  • Liver volume
  • Low-calorie diet (LCD)
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
  • Very low-calorie diet (VLCD)

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