What role do normal force and frequency play in the tribocorrosion behaviour of Ti-6Al-4 V alloy?

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Abstract

This paper studies the tribocorrosion behaviour of Ti-6Al-4 V in phosphate buffered saline under reciprocating frequencies of 1, 5, 10, 15, 20, and 25 Hz at different normal forces of 3.5, 6, 10.8, and 17.5 N using a customised ball-on-disk test set-up. The tribocorroded scars were then post-assessed by scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy, atomic force microscopy, profilometry, and confocal microscopy. The results demonstrated a unique pattern for the total volume loss versus frequency such that the loss was maximum at 5 Hz with a subsequent reduction from 5 to 15 Hz, and a final stabilisation beyond 15 Hz. Compared to the total and chemical losses, mechanical volume loss showed more significant variations with frequency. The results indicated complex interactions between the normal force and frequency in relation to the total material loss from the alloy. These findings challenge the general understanding of an increase in the total loss with increasing frequency.

Original languageEnglish
Article number107634
Number of pages11
JournalTRIBOLOGY INTERNATIONAL
Volume172
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2022

Keywords

  • Frequency
  • Normal force
  • Ti-6Al-4 V
  • Tribocorrosion
  • Volume loss

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