What Were the Nursing Practices of Mental Health Nurses in Mental Institutions 1800 to 1960: A Scoping Review

Julie Bradshaw, Eileen Willis

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

This scoping literature review describes the practices of nurses working in mental asylums between 1800 and 1960 prior to the introduction of psychotropic drugs. Studies published in English from 1976 to 2021 from CINAHL, PubMed, ProQuest, PsyINFO, MEDLINE and Google were searched in August 2021. Twenty-three papers were retrieved with three distinct periods identified that shaped nursing practice. These were custodial care, moral and somatic treatment. Shifts in nursing practice were shaped by the desire of psychiatry to be recognised as a medical speciality, the feminisation of nursing and the formal development of nurse training in general hospitals.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6-17
Number of pages12
JournalIssues in Mental Health Nursing
Volume44
Issue number1
Early online date16 Nov 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Psychiatry
  • Insanity
  • Psychiatric Hospitals

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