Who will benefit more from low-dose alteplase in acute ischemic stroke?

Enchanted Investigators, Xia Wang, Keon Joo Lee, Tom J. Moullaali, Beom Joon Kim, Qiang Li, Hee Joon Bae, Cheryl Carcel, Candice Delcourt, Hisatomi Arima, Shoichiro Sato, Thompson G. Robinson, Lili Song, Guofang Chen, Jie Yang, John Chalmers, Craig S. Anderson, Richard Lindley, Mark Woodward

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3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: Controversy persists over the benefits of low-dose versus standard-dose intravenous alteplase for the treatment of acute ischemic stroke. We sought to determine individual patient factors that contribute to the risk–benefit balance of low-dose alteplase treatment. Methods: Observational study using data from the Enhanced Control of Hypertension and Thrombolysis Stroke Study (ENCHANTED), an international, randomized, open-label, blinded-endpoint trial that assessed low-dose (0.6 mg/kg) versus standard-dose (0.9 mg/kg) intravenous alteplase in acute ischemic stroke patients. Logistic regression models were used to estimate the benefit of good functional outcome (scores 0 or 1 on the modified Rankin scale at 90 days) and risk (symptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage), under both regimens for individual patients. The net advantage for low-dose, relative to standard-dose, alteplase was calculated by dividing excess benefit by excess risk according to a combination of patient characteristics. The algorithms were externally validated in a nationwide acute stroke registry database in South Korea. Results: Patients with an estimated net advantage from low-dose alteplase, compared with without, were younger (mean age of 66 vs. 75 years), had lower systolic blood pressure (148 vs. 160 mm Hg), lower National Institute of Health Stroke Scale score (median of 8 vs. 16), and no atrial fibrillation (10.3% vs. 97.4%), diabetes mellitus (19.2% vs. 22.4%), or premorbid symptoms (defined by modified Rankin scale = 1) (16.3% vs. 37.8%). Conclusion: Use of low-dose alteplase may be preferable in acute ischemic stroke patients with a combination of favorable characteristics, including younger age, lower systolic blood pressure, mild neurological impairment, and no atrial fibrillation, diabetes mellitus, or premorbid symptoms.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)39-45
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Stroke
Volume15
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Acute stroke therapy
  • clinical trial
  • ischemic stroke
  • rtPA
  • thrombolysis
  • tPA

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    Enchanted Investigators, Wang, X., Lee, K. J., Moullaali, T. J., Kim, B. J., Li, Q., Bae, H. J., Carcel, C., Delcourt, C., Arima, H., Sato, S., Robinson, T. G., Song, L., Chen, G., Yang, J., Chalmers, J., Anderson, C. S., Lindley, R., & Woodward, M. (2020). Who will benefit more from low-dose alteplase in acute ischemic stroke? International Journal of Stroke, 15(1), 39-45. https://doi.org/10.1177/1747493019858775