Wi-Fi off, devices out: do parent-set technology rules play a role in adolescent sleep?

Meg Pillion, Michael Gradisar, Kate Bartel, Hannah Whittall, Jessica Mikulcic, Alexandra Daniels, Benita Rullo, Michal Kahn

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Abstract

There is limited evidence surrounding the relationship between parent-set technology rules and adolescent sleep. This study had two aims: 1) to investigate the relationship between presence of and compliance to parent-set technology rules and adolescent sleep outcomes and daytime sleepiness; 2) to investigate if compliance, non-compliance, or the absence of rules could moderate the relationship between Fear of Missing Out (FoMO) and Bedtime Procrastination (BtP) on sleep outcomes and daytime sleepiness. A total of 711 adolescents aged 12–18 years old (46% Female, Mage = 15.1, SD = 1.2) were recruited through secondary schools in South Australia. Participants completed a survey containing self-report measures about their sleep, daytime sleepiness, FoMO, BtP, the presence/absence of technology rules in their house, and their compliance to these rules. The study design was cross sectional. Results indicated that the presence of a parent-set technology rule was associated with earlier bedtimes regardless of compliance. Earlier lights out times and increased sleep duration were observed in adolescents who always complied to their rules compared to those who did not comply or did not have parent-set technology rules. BtP and FoMO were associated with later bedtimes, later lights out times, longer sleep onset latency, shorter sleep duration, and more daytime sleepiness. However, parent-set rules did not moderate the links between BtP/FoMO and adolescent sleep. Whilst longitudinal investigations are warranted to examine the directionality of these relationships, the present study suggests that parent-set technology rules may play an important role in protecting adolescent sleep.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100046
Number of pages8
JournalSleep Medicine: X
Volume4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2022

Keywords

  • Adolescent
  • Bedtime procrastination
  • Fear of missing out
  • Parent rule
  • Sleep
  • Technology

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