Zinc efficiency of oilseed rape (Brassica napus and B. juncea) genotypes

Harsharn Singh Grewal, James C.R. Stangoulis, Trent D. Potter, Robin D. Graham

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Twenty five genotypes of oilseed rape (canola and mustard) were tested under varied supply of Zn (+Zn: 2 mg kg-1 soil, -Zn: no Zn added) in two pot experiments in soil culture to determine the genotypic variation in tolerance to the Zn-deficient conditions, that is, to identify the Zn-efficient genotypes. On the basis of performance of genotypes in pot experiments, ten genotypes were tested in 1995 for their performance under varied supply of Zn (+Zn: 3.5 kg ha-1, -Zn: no Zn added) on a Zn-deficient field in South Australia. Zn efficiency (ratio of shoot dry matter in -Zn to shoot dry matter in +Zn treatment and expressed in percentage) in pot Experiment 1 varied from 35% for 92-13 to 74% for Siren. Narendra, Dunkeld, Barossa, Oscar and Xinza 2 performed well under -Zn treatment. Zn efficiency in Experiment 2 varied from 32% for Wuyou 1 to 62% for Pusa Bold. Pusa Bold and CSIRO- 1 (mustard genotypes) were the most efficient in terms of dry matter production among all the oilseed rape genotypes tested. Root dry matter accumulation was significantly higher in Zn-efficient genotypes. Zn efficiency (ratio of seed yield in -Zn to seed yield in +Zn and expressed in percentage) in field experiment varied from 62% for Huashang 2 to 76% for Dunkeld. With few exceptions, the ranking of genotypes in pot and field experiments indicates similarity in their response to Zn deficiency. There looks to be genetic control over Zn concentration in tissues. Zn-efficient genotypes had lower Zn concentration in roots and higher Zn concentration in youngest fully opened leaf blades, indicating a better transport of Zn. This, together with a higher Zn uptake, appears to be the basis of expression of Zn efficiency.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)123-132
Number of pages10
JournalPlant and Soil
Volume191
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1997
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Canola
  • Mustard
  • Oilseed rape
  • Root
  • Zinc deficiency
  • Zinc efficiency
  • Zinc uptake

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